Niddodi Ultra Mega Power Project
This article is useful to know how this kind of projects are taking shape when Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramaiha very much interested to implement this project.In his budget speech on July 12,2013 he made this remark in the State Assembly
Ultra Mega Power Projects(UMPPs- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultra_Mega_Power_Projects) ,launched in 2006 has been facing critical issues like fuel availability,escalation in fuel prices,delay in clearances.During the time of signing of PPAs by these UMPPs, developers were unaware of the fact that the fuel prices could escalate by 10-15%.Power developers are seeking a revision of PPAs to allow pass through of coal costs.TATA power has taken the foremost step relating to imported coal price issue in front of CERC (http://cercind.gov.in/2012/rop/Record%20of%20Proceeding%20in%20159%20of%202012%20CGPL%20.pdf)
Projects Awarded till date..
As of now, PFC(Power Finance Corporation) being the nodal agency has awarded 4 UMPPs – Sasan UMPP in Madhya Pradesh( Reliance Power),Tilaiya UMPP in Jharkhand(R Power),Krishnapatnam UMPP in Andhra Pradesh and MUndra UMPP in Gujarat (TATA Power). Mundra and Krishnapatnam is based on Imported Coal from Indonesia whereas Sasan and Tilaiya have been allotted coal blocks.Tariffs were highly competitive striking an average figure of Rs 1.88/unit.
UMPPs awarded (http://saiindia.gov.in/english/home/Our_Products/Audit_report/Government_Wise/union_audit/recent_reports/union_performance/2012_2013/commercial/Report_No_6/Annexures.pdf)
1. Sasan Power Limited, Sasan UMPP, Madhya Pradesh – Rs 1.196/unit
2. Coastal Gujarat Power Limited, Mundra UMPP, Gujarat – Rs 2.264/unit
3. Coastal Andhra Power Ltd., Krishnapatnam UMPP, Andhra Pradesh – Rs 2.33/unit
4. Jharkhand Integrated Power Ltd., Tilaiya UMPP, Jharkhand – Rs 1.770/unit
Mundra UMPP was first to commence its operations with commissioning of 3 x 800 MW units in 2012 and last unit was synchronized in Jan 2013 which were quite ahead of their schedule. CGPL (Coastal Gujarat Power Ltd.) -TATA’s wholly owned subsidiary(SPV) has been incurring losses due to change in the regulatory framework in Indonesia’s coal regime(http://news.mitraismining.com/pages/IndonesianMiningRegulation.aspx)
In July 2012,TATA Power sought a tariff hike in lieu of change in coal prices as DISCOMs refused to revise the PPA terms.In its tariff petition of TATA,it has stated that hike in Indonesia coal prices will lead to rise in generation cost by Re 0.67- Re 0.70/Unit,thereby denting the cash flow statements of TATA Power.Inspite of this deadlock of tariff,TATA Power continue its operations of Mundra while R Power stalled work at the Krishnapatnam UMPP.R-Power held that the operations could start only after the revision of Standard Bidding Documents signed with DISCOMs.Delhi High Court has suspended the petition filed by R Power and thus they have plans to approach CERC.
On the other hand,Sasan UMPP has made the steady progress. The first 660 MW unit is expected to commission by 2012-13.In Jan 2013,465 kV switchyard was commissioned in order to provided initial start up power.R Power has plans to commission the remaining units with a time interval of 3-4 months.As far as Coal production is concerned from Moher and Mpher Almohri,its much ahead of the targeted time frame. R Power is also struggling with legal hurdles w.r.t ambiguity of coal usage.Company was asked to stop production in the aforesaid coal blocks in lieu of R Power’s linking the Coal Scam by CAG.
R Power’s third UMPP Tilaiya has faced many delays due to challenges in obtaining forest clearances and land acquisition. As of Nov 2013,Stage II forest clearance has been awarded thereby keeping the project in limbo.
Progress Report of UMPPs released by CEA can be found at : http://cea.nic.in/reports/articles/thermal/umpp.pdf
The Power Ministry has identified additional 12 sites to set up UMPPs in different states and these are:
UMPPs in Process:
1.Chhattisgarh Surguja Power Ltd., Chhattisgarh UMPP , District Surguja
2.Orissa Integrated Power Ltd., Orissa UMPP, District Sundargarh
3.Coastal Tamil Nadu Power Ltd., Cheyyur UMPP, Tamil Nadu , District Kanchipuram
4.Tatiya Andhra Mega Power Ltd., Andhra Pradesh 2nd UMPP, District Prakasam
5.Deoghar Mega Power Ltd, Jharkhand 2nd UMP, Disrtict Deoghar
6.Sakhigopal Integrated Power Co. Ltd., Orissa 1st Additional UMPP, District Bhadrak
7.Ghogarpalli Integrated Power Co. Ltd., Orissa 2nd Additional UMPP, District Kalahandi
8.Coastal Maharashtra Mega Power Ltd. Maharashtra UMPP, District Sindhudurg
9.Coastal Karnataka Power Ltd., Karnataka UMPP
11.2nd UMPP in Tamil Nadu
12.2nd UMPP in Gujarat
Progress on the bidding process of only 2 UMPPs (Sarguja-CHattisgarh and Bedabahal-Odisha) have stalled as the coal block areas have been classified as No- Go areas. by MoEF. Despite the elimination of problem of Go/No Go areas ,the bad omen of clearances still pending with Sarguja UMPP.Bedabahal UMPP re invited pre qualification bids as it has been awarded green signal as far as MoEF is concerned.
MoP has finalized a new set of SBDs for UMPPs but the approval is still awaited from EGoM.The ministry has proposed separate rounds for Coal linkage and Captive coal blocks. Moreover,the bidding of UMPP will be based on first year tariff rather than 25 year levellised tariff.(http://www.powermin.nic.in/whats_new/pdf/Guideline_for_determination_of_tariff_and_SBD_for_case_1.pdf)
Earlier, in Oct 2012 CERC had suggested revising UMPPs on BOO Model rather than DBFOT Model. Moreover,there was a proposal to supply 100% of the coal to the power plants fulfilling the shortage through coal import.
Thus in the light of various issues,the development if UMPPs have been questioned by power plant developers.There is a need to build flexibility within the PPA structure to deal with uncertainties in a manner that is quantifiable for the prospective investors.
References : PFC India,UMPP,Wikipedia,Powerline Magazine
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Ways to control and improve cholesterol (increase the HDL and decrease the LDL)levels in the blood:
Avoid vanaspati (trans fatty acids). Decrease ghee / oil / butter in your diet.
If you are a non-vegetarian, try to take more of fish. Eat lean meats. Eat chicken without the skin. They should not be fried. Meat should
be consumed only in small quantities and less frequently (prefer fish to fowl and fowl to flesh).
Do not smoke or take any other forms of tobacco.
Work towards an ideal body weight.
Be physically active.
Eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables - they reduce the bad effects of "bad" cholesterol on the blood vessels and also decrease the
amount of fat absorbed.
Eat 20-40 gms of unsalted, nonfried nuts or fruit seeds everyday.
Medication for lowering of cholesterol should be used only when the above measures have not been successful in loweWhat is cholesterol?
Optimal cholesterol levels are as follows
LDL cholesterol should be < 100mg/dl (ideally should not be more than 70mg/dl)
HDL cholesterol should be > 45/dl (ideally should be > 50 for women and > 40 for men)
Triglyceride levels should be < 150 mg/dl (ideally should not be more than 100mg/dl)
In what situations is it recommended that cholesterol levels be even lower than normal levels?
If you already have heart disease, the doctor may advise you to further lower cholesterol levels.
If anybody in your family has or has had heart disease/angina/heart attack, then again, the doctor will advise you to lower cholesterol,
If you have diabetes, or blood glucose on the higher side, then again, the doctor will advise you to lower cholesterol even further.
If any close blood relative has or has had diabetes, then again the doctor will ask you to lower cholesterol even further.
If you have high blood pressure, then again the doctor will ask you to lower cholesterol even further.
If any close blood relative has high blood pressure then again the doctor will advise you to lower cholesterol even further.
If you smoke, then cholesterol can become even more dangerous for your blood vessels.
Even in normal people and children, it is advisable to keep cholesterol within limits. When the cholesterol is high, deposition
(accumulation) of cholesterol in the arteries can start in early childhood. Prevention thus has to ideally start in early childhood.
Therefore, to lead a healthy life the entire family must adapt to a healthy diet. Let us work together for a healthy heart and an active
What's considered normal?
A simple blood test can reveal whether your triglycerides fall into a healthy range.
Normal — Less than 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), or less than 1.7 millimoles per L (mmol/L)
Borderline high — 150 to 199 mg/dL (1.8 to 2.2 mmol/L)
High — 200 to 499 mg/dL (2.3 to 5.6 mmol/L)
Very high — 500 mg/dL or above (5.7 mmol/L or above)
The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends that a triglyceride level of 100 mg/dL (1.3 mmol/L) or lower is considered "optimal." The
AHA says this optimal level would improve your heart health. However, the AHA doesn't recommend drug treatment to reach this level.
Instead, for those trying to lower their triglycerides to this level, lifestyle changes such as diet, weight loss and physical activity are
encouraged. That's because triglycerides usually respond well to dietary and lifestyle changes.
Your doctor will usually check for high triglycerides as part of a cholesterol test (sometimes called a lipid panel or lipid profile).
You'll have to fast for nine to 12 hours before blood can be drawn for an accurate triglyceride measurement.
-----------------------Diet can play an important role in lowering your cholesterol. Here are five foods that can lower your cholesterol
Can a bowl of oatmeal help lower your cholesterol? How about a handful of walnuts or even a baked potato topped with some heart-healthy
margarine? A few simple tweaks to your diet — like these — may be enough to lower your cholesterol to a healthy level and help you stay off
1. Oatmeal, oat bran and high-fiber foods
Oatmeal contains soluble fiber, which reduces your low-density lipoprotein (LDL), the "bad" cholesterol. Soluble fiber is also found in
such foods as kidney beans, apples, pears, barley and prunes.
Soluble fiber can reduce the absorption of cholesterol into your bloodstream. Five to 10 grams or more of soluble fiber a day decreases
your total and LDL cholesterol. Eating 1 1/2 cups of cooked oatmeal provides 6 grams of fiber. If you add fruit, such as bananas, you'll
add about 4 more grams of fiber. To mix it up a little, try steel-cut oatmeal or cold cereal made with oatmeal or oat bran.
2. Fish and omega-3 fatty acids
Eating fatty fish can be heart-healthy because of its high levels of omega-3 fatty acids, which can reduce your blood pressure and risk of
developing blood clots. In people who have already had heart attacks, fish oil — or omega-3 fatty acids — reduces the risk of sudden death.
Doctors recommend eating at least two servings of fish a week. The highest levels of omega-3 fatty acids are in:
You should bake or grill the fish to avoid adding unhealthy fats. If you don't like fish, you can also get small amounts of omega-3 fatty
acids from foods like ground flaxseed or canola oil.
You can take an omega-3 or fish oil supplement to get some of the benefits, but you won't get other nutrients in fish, like selenium. If
you decide to take a supplement, just remember to watch your diet and eat lean meat or vegetables in place of fish.
3. Walnuts, almonds and other nuts
Walnuts, almonds and other nuts can reduce blood cholesterol. Rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, walnuts also help keep blood vessels
According to the Food and Drug Administration, eating about a handful (1.5 ounces, or 42.5 grams) a day of most nuts, such as almonds,
hazelnuts, peanuts, pecans, some pine nuts, pistachio nuts and walnuts, may reduce your risk of heart disease. Just make sure the nuts you
eat aren't salted or coated with sugar.
All nuts are high in calories, so a handful will do. To avoid eating too many nuts and gaining weight, replace foods high in saturated fat
with nuts. For exTop 5 lifestyle changes to reduce cholesterol
Lifestyle changes can help reduce cholesterol, keep you off cholesterol-lowering medications or enhance the effect of your medications.
Here are five lifestyle changes to get you started.
By Mayo Clinic staff
High cholesterol increases your risk of heart disease and heart attacks. You can reduce cholesterol with medications, but if you'd rather
make lifestyle changes to reduce cholesterol, you can try these five healthy lifestyle changes. If you're already taking medications, these
changes can also improve their cholesterol-lowering effect.
1. Lose weight
Carrying some extra pounds — even just a few — contributes to high cholesterol. So losing as little as 5 to 10 pounds (about 2 to 5
kilograms) can help reduce cholesterol levels.
Start by taking an honest look at your eating habits and daily routine. Consider your challenges to weight loss — and ways to overcome
If you eat when you're bored or frustrated, take a walk instead. If you pick up fast food for lunch every day, pack something healthier
from home. If you're sitting in front of the television, try munching on carrot sticks instead of potato chips as you watch. And, look for
ways to incorporate more activity into your daily routine, such as using the stairs instead of taking the elevator. Take stock of what you
currently eat and your physical activity level, and slowly work changes in.
2. Eat heart-healthy foods
Even if you have years of unhealthy eating under your belt, making a few changes in your diet can reduce cholesterol and improve your heart
Choose healthier fats. Saturated fats, found in red meat and dairy products, raise your total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
cholesterol, the "bad" cholesterol. As a general rule, you should get no more than 10 percent of your daily calories from saturated fat.
Instead, choose leaner cuts of meat, low-fat dairy and monounsaturated fats — found in olive, peanut and canola oils — for a healthier
option.Eliminate trans fats. Trans fat can be found in fried foods and many commercial baked products, such as cookies, crackers and snack
cakes. But don't rely on packages that are labeled "trans fat-free." In the United States, if a food contains less than 0.5 grams of trans
fat per serving, it can be labeled "trans fat-free." Even though those amounts seem small, they can add up quickly if you eat a lot of
foods that have a small amount of trans fat in them. Instead, read the ingredients list. You can tell if a food has trans fat in it if it
contains partially hydrogenated oil.Limit the cholesterol in your food. Aim for no more than 300 milligrams (mg) of cholesterol a day —
less than 200 mg if you have heart disease. The most concentrated sources of cholesterol include organ meats, egg yolks and whole milk
products. Use lean cuts of meat, egg substitutes and skim milk instead.Select whole grains. Various nutrients found in whole grains promote
heart health. Choose whole-grain breads, whole-wheat pasta, whole-wheat flour and brown rice.Stock up on fruits and vegetables. Fruits and
vegetables are rich in dietary fiber, which can help lower cholesterol. Snack on seasonal fruits. Experiment with veggie-based casseroles,
soups and stir-fries. If you prefer dried fruit to fresh fruit, limit yourself to no more than a handful (about an ounce or two). Dried
fruit tends to have more calories than does fresh fruit.Eat foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids can help lower your LDL
("bad") cholesterol. Some types of fish — such as salmon, mackerel and herring — are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Other good sources of
omega-3 fatty acids include walnuts, almonds and ground flaxseeds.3. Exercise on most days of the week
Whether you're overweight or not, exercise can reduce cholesterol. Better yet, moderate physical activity can help raise high-density
lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, the "good" cholesterol. With your doctor's OK, work up to 30 to 60 minutes of exercise a day. Remember that
adding physical activity, even in 10-minute intervals several times a day, can help you begin to lose weight. Just be sure that you can
keep up the changes you decide to make. Consider:
Taking a brisk daily walk during your lunch hour
Riding your bike to work
Playing a favorite sport
To stay motivated, find an exercise buddy or join an exercise group. And remember, any activity is helpful. Even taking the stairs instead
of the elevator or doing a few sit-ups while watching television can make a difference.
ample, instead of using cheese, meat or croutons in your salad, add a handful of walnuts or almonds.
- The force or pressure of the blood (pumped from the heart) against the walls of the arteries is known as blood pressure.
- Systolic blood pressure (top or high number) is the pressure inside your arteries when the heart contracts and pumps blood into your arteries.
- Diastolic blood pressure (bottom or low number) is the pressure inside your arteries when the heart is relaxing and filling with blood.
- The medical term for high blood pressure is hypertension. Over time, high blood pressure can damage your blood vessels and lead to serious health problems.
- The common long-term complications of high blood pressure are: heart disease, stroke, eye damage, kidney damage etc.
- Some people get nervous during a visit to their doctor's office and this causes their blood pressure to increase. They are said to have 'white coat hypertension'. This may not be a sustained condition but may lead to hypertension.
Heart disease: Are you at risk?
September 27 is World Heart Day, a day that emphasises the need for people young and old to take heart health seriously.
Heart disease, earlier believed to be a health concern for middle-aged people, is now striking more young people and women. While heart conditions may vary in degree, it is important to recognise the risk factors you may be exposed to that make you more vulnerable.
What is a risk factor?
Scientific studies have shown that certain traits and lifestyle habits increase the risk of a heart attack. These danger signs are called 'risk factors'. The progression of heart disease is a long-term process in which cholesterol and other substances build up in the inner lining of artery walls. They form plaque, which blocks the flow of blood to the heart muscle.
Risk factors tend to speed the development of plaque, and by reducing them, we can block the progression of plaque formation and decrease the chances of having a heart attack.
There are two types of risk factors: those which can be modified and those which cannot.
Photographs: Uttam Ghosh
Jack fruit or ponos:
A jack fruit mela is organised in Mangalore.As most of the people are not aware the poor jack fruit contain so many vitamins.
In 100 grams of jack fruit we get following vitamins:
Protien 1.2 grams to 1.9 grams
Sugar 20.6 grams
Calcium 20 to 37 milligrams
Magnatium 27 milligrams
Potassium 191 to 407 milligrams
Vitamin A 175 to 5407 I U
Fibre content 2 grams
Sulpher 38 to 41 milligrams
Pista 16 to 25.4 grams
In Karnataka total 2.60 lakhs tons of Jack fruit is grown .As per agriculture university:
Jack fruit is useful to those having high blood pressure.Since this fruit contains vitamin C it acts as antibiotic and fights against many problems.It is good for teeths.Its contents Lignin,Raiboflavin,safonics,naisin fights against cancer,ulcer and early aging..
hence in future if you get a chance to eat jack fruit dont hisitate to taste it.I think we will eat the same if Americans try to eat it.